Question. 1

DIRECTIONS: In the following question, four different ways of presenting an idea are given. Choose the one that conforms most closely to Standard English usage.

(A) Human talents vary considerably, within a fixed framework that is characteristic of the species, and that permits ample scope for creative work, including the creative work of appreciating the achievements of others.


(B) Human talents vary considerably, within a fixed framework that is characteristic of the species, and which permits ample scope for creative work, including the creative work of appreciating the achievements of others.


(C) Human talents vary considerably, within a fixed framework that is characteristic of the species, and that permits ample scope for creative work, including the creative work of appreciating achievements of others.


(D) Human talents vary considerably, within a fixed framework that is characteristic of the species, and which permits ample scope for creative work, including the creative work of appreciating achievements of others.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 2

DIRECTIONS: In the following question, four different ways of presenting an idea are given. Choose the one that conforms most closely to Standard English usage.

(i) The inflexibility of the laws, which prevent them from being adapted for emergencies, may in certain cases render them Pernicious and thereby cause the ruin of the state in a time of crisis.


(ii) The inflexibility of the laws, which prevents them from being adapted for emergencies may in certain cases render them Pernicious, thereby cause the ruin of the state in a time of crisis.


(iii) The inflexibility of the laws, which prevents them from being adapted for emergencies may in certain cases render them Pernicious, and thereby cause the ruin of the state in a time of crisis.

(iv) The inflexibility of the laws, which prevents them from being adapted for emergencies may in certain cases render them Pernicious and thereby causing the ruin of the state in a time of crisis.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 3

Directions for question: Given below are four sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are incorrect in terms of grammar and usage. Then, choose the most appropriate option. 


1. Herbivores birds do not have teeth to grind up the vegetation they eat.
2. Teeth would make their skulls too heavy and make flight difficult.
3. Instead, a part of their digestive system, called the crop, contains stones, which grind up the plant material they eat.
4. Some herbivores are called ruminants.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 4

Directions: Given below are four sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are incorrect in terms of grammar and usage. Then, choose the most appropriate option. 


1. William Butler Yeats wrote two poems, which are together known as the Byzantium series.


2. The first is “Sailing to Byzantium,” and their sequel is simply named “Byzantium.”


3. The former is considered easier of the two to understand.


4. It contains multiple meanings and emotions, and the poet uses various literary devices to communicate them.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 5

Directions: Given below are five sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are incorrect in terms of grammar and usage. Then, choose the most appropriate option. 

 

A. The central question to answering in judging the proportionality of this sentence is whether the desire to punish a whistleblower driven by moral outrage stems from the alleged harm he did US military and diplomatic interests, or whether it derives more from sheer embarrassment.


B. The judge presiding, Col Denise Lind, had already thrown out the gravest of charge, that of “aiding the enemy”.

 C. Col Lind had also limited the admissibility of evidence regarding the “chilling effects” that Mr Manning’s actions had on US diplomacy by releasing 250,000 state department cables.

 D. A military witness conceded there was no evidence that anyone had been killed after being named in the releases.


E. Mr Manning’s recent apology for his actions does not, and should not, detract from the initial defence he gave for it, when he spoke of his shock at the “delightful bloodlust” displayed by that helicopter crew, or his belief that stimulating a debate about the wars was the right thing to do.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 6

Directions: Given below are five sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are incorrect in terms of grammar and usage. Then, choose the most appropriate option. 


A. Since the breakdown of political formality, pictures have stood for a different message, for which the umbrella term is “down to earth”.

B. This down-to-earthness has myriad elements, most of it contradictory or impossible.


C. For instance, to be down-to-earth you have to like sport; to like sport you have to choose a team; but if you go and see your team, you are no longer downto- earth because you can afford a ticket.


D. If you pretend that you can’t afford a ticket, you’re disingenuous; if you shrug and say, “I can get a free ticket to anything, I’m prime minister”, you’re reasonable but you have squandered the advantage you gained in liking sport in the first place.


E. Realistically, all one can do is pretend you’re too busy to watch sport, which works OK for the harassed, sleepdeprived, Thatcher-model premier, but couldn’t possibly wash for David “Fruit Ninja” Cameron.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 7

Directions: Given below are five sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage. Then, choose the most appropriate option. 

1. In every democratic and more-or-less secular countries,
2. similar questions arise about precise extent to which religious sub-cultures
3. should be allowed to live on their own rules and laws.
4. One set of questions emerge when believers demand, and often get,
5. an opt-out from the law of the land.

 

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 8

Directions: Given below is a sentence, part or all of which, is underlined.Beneath the sentence are four ways of phrasing the underlined part. The first of these repeats the original; the other three are different. Choose the option that produces the most effective sentence; this answer should be clear and exact, without awkwardness, ambiguity, redundancy, or grammatical error. The question tests correctness and effectiveness of expression.


I have no doubt that Sri Lankan Tamils — including many with no connections whatever to the Tigers — continue to suffer repression by Sri Lankan officials, despite of the deadly civil war between the two sides having ended last year. 



(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 9

In the following question, a part of a paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.

Rahul Bajaj has done a great job of taking the company to its present status, but it is time that he let go of the reins.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 10

In the following question, a part of a paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.

The government has given subsidies to the Navratnas but there is no telling whether the subsequent one will do.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 11

In the following question, a part of a paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.

The Rumanians may be restive under Soviet direction — but they are tied to Moscow by ideological and military links.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 12

In the following question, a part of a paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.

In a penetrating study, CBS--TV focuses on these people without hope, whose bodies are cared for by welfare aid, but whose spirit is often neglected by disinterested society.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 13

In the following question, a part of a paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.

 

Contemplating whether to exist with an insatiable romantic temperament, he was the author and largely the subject of number of memorable novels.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 14

In the following question, a part of a paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.

How many times have I asked myself: when is the world going to start to make sense? There is a monster out there, and it is rushing towards me over the uneven ground consciousness.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 15

In the following question, a part of a paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.

In Martin Amis’ new novel, the narrator is trapped-- and hurtling towards a terrible secret. Its resolution, and the dreadful revelation it brings, ally to give an excruciating vision of guilt.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 16

In the following question, a part of a paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.

Victory is everything in the Indian universe and Tendulkar will be expected to translate his genius to that effect. To contemplate any other option is to contemplate the risk of failure.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 17

In the given question, a sentence has been divided into four parts, marked a, b, c, d. Identify that part of the sentence that needs to be changed for the sentence to be grammatically correct.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 18

In the given question, a sentence has been divided into four parts, marked a, b, c, d. Identify that part of the sentence that needs to be changed for the sentence to be grammatically correct.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 19

In the given question, a sentence has been divided into four parts, marked a, b, c, d. Identify that part of the sentence that needs to be changed for the sentence to be grammatically correct.

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 20

In the given question, a sentence has been divided into four parts, marked a, b, c, d. Identify that part of the sentence that needs to be changed for the sentence to be grammatically correct.

 

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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Question. 21

In the given question, a sentence has been divided into four parts, marked a, b, c, d. Identify that part of the sentence that needs to be changed for the sentence to be grammatically correct.

 

(a) (b) (c) (d)
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